There are four ways to do autotest in android platform.
“The Android testing framework, an integral part of the development environment, provides an architecture and powerful tools that help you test every aspect of your application at every level from unit to framework. ”
1.Monkey(blackbox and pressure test)
“The Monkey is a program that runs on your emulator or device and generates pseudo-random streams of user events such as clicks, touches, or gestures, as well as a number of system-level events. You can use the Monkey to stress-test applications that you are developing, in a random yet repeatable manner.” <http://developer.android.com/guide/developing/tools/monkey.html>
> monkey -p 1000
> monkey -p com.example.android.apis -v 1000
2.Monkeyrunner(blackbox and pressure test)
“The monkeyrunner tool provides an API for writing programs that control an Android device or emulator from outside of Android code. With monkeyrunner, you can write a Python program that installs an Android application or test package, runs it, sends keystrokes to it, takes screenshots of its user interface, and stores screenshots on the workstation. The monkeyrunner tool is primarily designed to test applications and devices at the functional/framework level and for running unit test suites, but you are free to use it for other purposes”
> monkeyrunner monkeyrunnerscript.py
3.Robotium(blackbox and pressure test)
“Robotium is a test framework created to make it easy to write powerful and robust automatic black-box test cases for Android applications. With the support of Robotium, test case developers can write function, system and acceptance test scenarios, spanning multiple Android activities. ”
There is a good example.